The basic characteristics of the future development of China's machinery manufacturing industry -- Henan Hongxing

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The basic characteristics of the future development of China's machinery manufacturing industry

Through the analysis of the current situation and problems of China's machinery manufacturing industry, China should take the road of transformation and upgrading with Chinese characteristics, which is determined by the specific national conditions such as large population, weak foundation and unbalanced development. We believe that the future development of China's machinery manufacturing industry will present three basic characteristics.

 Machinery manufacturing

(1) Strategic objectives extend to value chain rather than transfer

Industrial transfer will not bring the inevitable result of transformation and upgrading, but more a short-term behavior of chasing profits. Foreign countries began to implement the transfer of machinery manufacturing industry and develop modern service industry on the basis of entering the stage of post industrialization and highly developed machinery manufacturing industry. From the national level, the purpose of transfer is to develop modern service industry to support the pursuit of machinery manufacturing industry in the world. However, China is now in the middle stage of industrialization, and the modern service industry is still in the initial stage. After the industrial transfer, the mechanical manufacturing industry is weakened and the modern service industry can not develop.

(2) The main direction of the shift is domestic rather than manufacturing

It is an inevitable rule for the mechanical manufacturing industry to shift from high manufacturing cost to low manufacturing cost region. From the international point of view, it is a common phenomenon that machinery manufacturing industry transfers from developed countries to underdeveloped countries. However, there are great differences in politics, economy and society between China and foreign countries. The huge employment population determines that even if China's machinery manufacturing industry is highly developed, it can not be transferred to foreign countries on a large scale, but mainly from domestic developed regions to underdeveloped regions. China's world management also has enough means and methods to prevent the widespread occurrence of this phenomenon. In addition, China will develop into the demand market of most products in the world, and the imbalance of regional development will exist for a long time, which will provide vast regional and market space for the transfer of machinery manufacturing industry in China. When the machinery manufacturing industry develops to a certain stage, the gap between China's products and foreign products will be greatly reduced, and the competitiveness of products will be mainly affected by logistics costs. As a global market, local production will be an inevitable trend, which is the market power to prevent China's machinery manufacturing industry from moving abroad.

The transfer of China's machinery manufacturing industry in China is a part of the national gradient development strategy. Only by transferring the machinery manufacturing industry to the mainland can the developed regions, such as Shenzhen and Guangzhou, concentrate their resources on the development of modern service industry, which is also the responsibility that these regions must undertake. It is predicted that in the future, the developed modern service industry in China's coastal areas and the powerful machinery manufacturing industry in the mainland will form an industrial pattern of global competitiveness. For example, Foshan ceramics transferred a large part of its manufacturing industry to the mainland,

(3) Manufacturing chain will develop into manufacturing innovation chain

The transformation and upgrading of China's machinery manufacturing industry depends on the improvement of independent innovation ability and the establishment of innovation driven development mode. From the point of view of the basic manufacturing chain of mechanical manufacturing industry, it is not enough to have strong manufacturing capacity. Manufacturing chain must be combined with innovation chain to form manufacturing innovation chain. Manufacturing chain is to take the product as the goal, start from the acquisition, materialize the results into the product design, through the product manufacturing process,. Innovation chain is a kind of target function chain around a certain innovation goal, with one or more innovation subjects as the core, to meet the market demand and value promotion as the guidance, through a series of organized and planned innovation activities, to connect the relevant innovation participants, so as to optimize the innovation objectives and innovation system. From the perspective of structure, manufacturing innovation chain is a chain based on innovation process, which is separated from the specific manufacturing links of the manufacturing chain, including demand analysis, creativity generation, product development, knowledge materialization, product manufacturing and market. The ideal innovation chain can automatically search for innovation objectives in the market, automatically drive the innovation activities in all links of the manufacturing chain, complete system innovation spontaneously, and run through the whole life cycle of products.

Manufacturing innovation chain is composed of two sub chains: manufacturing chain and innovation chain. Connecting the two sub chains is the goal of three-dimensional collaborative innovation of market and management. Manufacturing chain is the foundation, which provides value carrier for innovation chain, and provides advanced practice conditions; innovation chain is the knowledge source of manufacturing chain, which can ensure the value of products manufactured by manufacturing chain; three dimensional collaborative innovation is the goal, which is the dynamic energy source to promote the integration of manufacturing chain and innovation chain.

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